December 02-03, 2019


Berlin, Germany

Conference Agenda

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Keynote Session:

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Reza Sheikhbakloo photo

Reza Sheikhbakloo

German Sustainable Green Technology, Germany

Title: Advanced solar-powered desiccant air evaporative cooling system


Dr. Reza Sheikhbakloo has completed his PhD in sustainable urban development from Bauhaus University of Weimar in Germany. He is the Managing Director of German Sustainable Green Technology – GSGT GmbH. He has more than 15 years experiences in the field of energy researches and petrochemical industries. His research area of interest are sustainable and green technologies, process and system management, energy saving and environmental impact assessment. He has published more than 15 papers in reputed journals and conferences.



The wide-ranging use of air conditioning for cooling and heating in buildings represents a main part of the electricity consumption in the world with approximately 50% of the peak power load needs in summer. Using solar energy as the main green energy source for air conditioning systems can offset electric energy consumption and remove stress on the electricity network, reduce ozone layer destruction, greenhouse gas emissions and global warming and also health issues such as respiratory illnesses.

This paper will outline an “advanced solar-powered desiccant air evaporative cooling system as an innovative tri-generation green process (Heating, Cooling, Ventilation and Hot water supply)”. This article considers such a passive green process of air conditioning; an open loop desiccant passive system in which thermal energy runs its mechanism. It has the advantage of running on stored energy from solar energy as a “green energy” especially in lower CO2 emissions.

This research has developed a solar desiccant cooling system by using of Photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) technology to provide both electrical and thermal energy. A theoretical model of the tested prototype was developed in TRNSYS. It represents the highest thermal performance COP value (over 1) and lowest heat source operation temperature (around 50-60°C) by low temperature dehumidification approaches include isothermal dehumidification and internally cooled dehumidification.

This system can control the sensible and latent heat load separately with air and water as the main heat carrier medium and is a good alternative to compression cooling technology for air dehumidification and cooling application. It would be possible to reduce energy consumption up to 35% less energy consumption than a compression cooling system in a year.


Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Janaian Camile photo

Janaian Camile

Pontifical Catholic University of Parana, Brazil

Title: Sustainable urban mobility: a case study of orlando and curitiba


Dr. Lofhagen has completed her PhD from Pontifical  Catholic University of Paraná (Brazil), in partnership with the University of Arizona (USA) and Postdoctoral Studies from Pontifical  Catholic University of Paraná, in partnership with the University of Central Florida (USA). She is professor and has published more than 20 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute.


Increasing urbanization and climate change scenarios are one of the major challenges faced by the international community. Current patterns of urban mobility contribute greatly to the accumulation of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere. This is mainly due to our dependence on urban transportation systems and modes that rely heavily on burning of fossil fuels. This concern has forced the administrative and energy sectors to search for alternative fuels that can meet growing urban energy demands, while minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. Unfortunately, alternative fuels technology remains expensive and outputs are often unable to satisfy a region’s need. This article aims to analyze a more sustainable approach toward urban mobility through the use of alternative fuels, focusing specifically on the use of biomethane as a renewable fuel source used to power public transit. It is available in abundance worldwide, and exerts a very small carbon footprint, thus mitigating water, air and soil pollution. The use biomethane to fuel public transit in Curitiba (Brazil) and Orlando (United States) and its benefits are presented in this article, as well as the comparison of this fuel to other sources and its trade-offs, through an empirical research. With the support of the Urban Agency of Curitiba (URBS) and MetroPlan Orlando, this study identified the biomethane potential for both cities, using landfill waste, and the impacts of CO2 emission reduction to the atmosphere, proposing a more sustainable source of energy for public transportation. It is concluded that, if compared to diesel, biomethane has a similar yield, emits 85% less CO2 to the atmosphere and avoid other pollutant emissions in its production chain.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Woodrow W. Clark photo

Woodrow W. Clark

Pepperdine Graziadio School of Business, USA

Title: Circular economics


Dr. Woodrow W. Clark is internationally recognized expert, author, lecturer, and consultant on global and local solutions to climate change. His core focus is on economics for smart green healthy communities due in part to being a Fulbright Fellow at AAlborg University, Denmark in 1994 continuing as a visiting lecture. Later in 1994, Clark was Manager of Strategic Planning for Energy Technology Transfer at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under University of California. In the 1990s, he was one of researchers for United Nations Intergovernmental Panel Climate Change, awarded the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. From 2000-2003, Clark was Renewable energy, Emerging technologies and Finance Advisor to California Governor Gray Davis. In 2004, He founded Clark Strategic Partners , a global environmental and renewable energy consulting firm. From 2015-2017, He taught annually courses at University of International Relations, Beijing and Pepperdine University, University of California, Riverside, UCLA and EU. He was a member of the UN B20 Finance Task Force supported in 2016 by China and Germany. He has now 16 books published and 3 more in 2019. In 2014, restarted his media company that produced and distributed documentary as dramatic series on economic, diversity, political, health, woman, and environmental. Clark earned 3 MA degrees from universities in Illinois and PhD at University of California, Berkeley thesis on "Violence in Schools" and now a book Violence in Schools, Colleges and Universities.


Taking several areas in technology, science and energy that link together in order to be less expensive, reduce and reverse climate change which are available today. Case in point are the all solar powered cars that come from a company in China (Hanergy) which produces thin film solar which were designed and used for buildings but now also as the only power for cars and buses. The vehicle solar panels are then able to be reused in the future for solar power in homes, businesses, governments, parks, communities and other areas. This process is a new way to do economics and is known as Circular Economics which has been implemented in the EU and beginning in China. We need Circular Economics now. Solar energy is utilized as the main driving force, which overturns the charging mode of traditional electric driving and fixed charging facilities. Meanwhile, it can also make the vehicles directly utilize solar energy like chlorophyll, which satisfies travel demand and will not generate any pollution at the same time. Besides, at the news conference, you will witness the world’s first drivable wholly solar-powered car. The modules of thin-film solar are perfectly integrated into the roof and body of the vehicles, providing clean energy for vehicles through the sunniness, which greatly enhances environment protection and driving comfort of vehicles. Since 2013, the sales volume of new energy vehicles in China has been maintaining steady growth. At the 2016 Beijing International Automotive Exhibition, automakers launched 147 new energy vehicles as they combine the potential increments of new energy vehicles market with the structural adjustment of products. 112 out of the 147 new vehicles were released by domestic car enterprises, which, in number, have occupied a leading place, obviously surpassing Europe, the US, Japan and Korea. Now Tesla electric cars sales have gone up considerably in California and China. The all solar cars will bring a positive effect on China’s being the world’s largest new energy vehicle market. The development momentum of new energy vehicles cannot be neglected. The future is now and green, smart and healthy. Transportation is one of the key factors as its economics is circular.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Nyoman Puspa Asri photo

Nyoman Puspa Asri

WR. Supratman University, Indonesia

Title: Synthesis and characterization of alumina-supported bimetallic oxide cuO-znO catalyst for transesterification of kapok seed oil (ceiba pentandra)


Dr. Nyoman Puspa Asri, Chemical Engineering Doctor, now is a Professor of Chemical engineering reaction, head of Laboratory of Biomass Energy of WR. Supratman University, since July 2014 she is being a Rector of WR. Supratman University, Member of Technical Committee of International Conference on Environment and Industrial Innovation (ICEII) 2017 and 2018, Member of committee of International Institute of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering (IICBEE) 2016, Member of AACIT 2015-2016, Reviewer of some of International Journal (Journal of Nano Structure and Chemistry, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (JESTEC), American Chemical Science Journal, Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, British Journal of Applied Science & Technology, etc). She got  her BSc. in Chemical Engineering specialist in Technology Process at Institute of Technology Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Master of Science (MS) in Biostatistics at Airlangga University and Chemical Engineering Doctor’s degree (Dr.) in Chemical  Reaction Engineering from ITS. She got Award from Rector of ITS for the achievements as outstanding graduates with honors cumlaude on 2013, Best Presenter on final seminar for competitive research Directorate of Higher Education on February 2016, Best paper award second price of International Conference ICIEM at Oct. 27-30, 2016, Sousse Tunisia.


Statement of the problem: At the present time, the researchers much attracted to developing renewable energy because the world's fossil oil reserves have decreased significantly. Biodiesel is one of the most promising alternative energies for substituting fossil fuels. However, the main obstacle faced at this time the cost of biodiesel production is too expensive, so the price of biodiesel can’t compete against the price of diesel oil.  There are two main causes, namely, first the production process using a homogeneous catalyst that has many weaknesses. The second, the raw material uses palm oil, which in fact besides the expensive price, also compete with the food industry. The use of the heterogeneous catalyst for substitution of the homogeneous catalyst and using low-cost oil as feedstock is a promising strategy for biodiesel production. Therefore, this study was focus on developing of alumina supported CuO-ZnO heterogeneous catalyst (ZCA) for transetserificaton of Kapook seed oil. The aim of this study is to synthesize and characterization of CuO- ZnO-/ γ-Al2O3 (ZCA) catalyst. Theoretical orientation: The synthesizing of the catalyst was done using a sol-gel method. Whereas, the characterizations of the synthesized catalyst were done by several methods include: the X-ray diffraction (X-RD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Breneauer Emmet teller (BET), respectively. The activity test of catalyst was done by introducing the CZA catalyst on trasnesterification of kapok seed oil with methanol in glass type batch reactor. Findings: CuO- ZnO-/ γ-Al2O3 (ZCA) was successfully synthesized and it was quite good and potential using as heterogeneous catalyst for transesterification of kapok seed oil. Conclusion and significance: The heterogeneous catalyst proved as an effective and friendly process for substituting a homogeneous catalyst for production of biodiesel from low grade or low cost oil.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Meen B. Poudyal Chhetri  photo

Meen B. Poudyal Chhetri

University of Vienna, Austria

Title: Repercussions of climate change: is this scientific reality or mere a politics?


Dr. Meen B. Poudyal Chhetri earned his Ph. D. in Economics from the University of Vienna, Austria in 1995 and Post Doctorate in Disaster Management Policy from the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Australia. At present, he is the President of Nepal Center for Disaster Management (NCDM) and Chairman of The International Emergency Management Society (TIEMS)’s paper Review Committee. He has been appointed as the Adjunct Professor at the Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia since March 2009. In the past, he served the Government of Nepal by holding various senior level positions.


The present study investigated eight rice lines (Rupsal, Nagalmutha, Polai, Ravana, Marishal, Talmugra, Kamini and Raspanjar) collected Climate change has become a very serious worldwide concern because of its adverse effects in livelihood and environment. Glaciers are receding rapidly in the Himalayan region which has the major portion of glaciers that covers almost 33,000 km2. This range constitutes a major source of water draining through nine largest rivers in Asia serving more than 1.3 billion people to find their livelihoods. Glaciers are also receding in other parts of the world. Glacial retreat is the most visually convincing evidence of climate change which is a scientific reality. On the other hand, it has been much exaggerated due to the argument between the developing and developed nations. THE PROBLEMS: Average global temperatures are expected to raise 1.4-5.8ºC by the end of the 21st century. Greenhouse gases from human activities are among the major causes for the alarming situations of climate change and global warming. Weather patterns are becoming more unpredictable and extreme – dry seasons become dryer and wet seasons wetter. This phenomenon is causing fear over the long term reduction in total water supply, affecting lives and livelihoods.The global warming is occurring and the Earth is warming rapidly. Therefore, policy makers must ease the transition to a carbon-free energy industry by passing legislation that creates favorable market conditions, and ensure that the Kyoto Protocol enters into force. Global warming can be kept within tolerable limits by using the various features of earth observation technologies and applications, and carrying out scientific research.  It is necessary to negotiate to avoid misunderstanding among the developing and developed nations and develop necessary legal and scientific tools to advance scientific knowledge on the causes and consequences of climate change. Eeffective implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) provisions can also help to minimize the effects of climate change.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Shatha Kaduhm Abdul-Latif Muallah photo

Shatha Kaduhm Abdul-Latif Muallah

University of Baghdad, Iran

Title: Pretreatment of date palm fronds biomass using modified organosolv technique


Shatha Kaduhm Abdul-Latif Muallah, has completed his Ph D. in Biomaterial Science from Al- Khwarizmi Engineering College, University of Baghdad. She is Head of Department & Asst. Professor at Dept. Of Biochemical Engineering. She has done Various Research Projects in The Felid of Specialization to The Environment and Society or the Development of Education. She has expertise in Biodegradation studies.



Pretreatment consider one of the most expensive processing steps in cellulosic biomass-to-fermentable sugars conversion .In this research, modified organic solvent (organosolv)  process was used to remove high lignin content in the date palm fronds (type Al-Zahdi) which was harvested from the Iraqi plantations. In organosolv method, lignocellulosic material was subdivided into its original constituents (lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose). In this method, organic solvent-water was contacted with the lignocellulosic biomass at high temperature, using stainless steel reactor (autoclave). After that; most lignin content and hemicellulose was removed from the biomass, while the solid residue mainly composed of cellulose which can be used in various industrial fields especially in enzymatic hydrolysis for producing biofuel. Three variables were considered in this study: temperature, ratio of ethanol (organic solvent) to water and reaction time. Statistical experimental method has been used to find a mathematical relationship between three variables and lignin percent residue as dependent variable. The results give us that the best reaction time was (80 minutes), which gave the best percent remaining concentration of lignin (3%) at temperature of 185 0C and ratio of ethanol: water equal to 50: 50 wt/wt. The effect different catalysts was investigated such as (NaOH, H2SO4, Ca(OH)2) at low concentration (0.025, 0.025, 0.05M) respectively for reducing reaction time. It has been found that the best catalyst was sodium hydroxide at concentration (0.025) mol/L which gave the same percent of lignin residue 3%  with reaction time about 30 min.


Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Vincent I. Okudoh photo

Vincent I. Okudoh

Cape Peninsula University of Technology, South Africa

Title: Crop waste to bioenergy in South Africa: a win-win scenario


Dr. Vincent I. Okudoh completed his MSc and PhD in Industrial Microbiology at the University of KwaZulu- Natal (UKZN), Pietermaritzburg, South Africa in 2011. Up till 2013, he was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at UKZN and a member of the African Energy, Food and Water Research (AEFWR) group under Prof Cristina Trois where he initiated a study on the quantification of cassava biomass as potential feedstock for biogas production. He has worked as a Medical Representative for a multinational pharmaceutical company (WYETH/Delpitano) in 1991 for 2 years. He then moved on to REGENT Pharmaceuticals before joining the academia. He joined the Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT) as a Biotechnology Lecturer in 2013 and currently promoted to a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Biotechnology. He is a co-principal investigator with the Bio-resource Engineering Research Group (BioERG) at the department. He published a book titled “Biogas Production in Africa: Benefit Potentials of Cassava Biomass” in 2015 and also contributed to a technical report “The State of Waste to Energy Research in South Africa: A Review” published by SA DoE Renewable Energy Centre for Research and Development (RECORD). He has published many articles in top-rated peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings. He has a certificate in anaerobic digestion from Cranfield University, UK and currently has his own Waste2Energy Laboratory. Dr Okudoh supervises a number of postgraduate students (2 PhDs and 5 Masters) and holds an NRF Thuthuka grant. He is a member of the Golden Key International Honor Society for top academic achievers and belong to professional organizations such as; American Society for Microbiology [ASM], Society for Industrial Microbiologists & Biotechnology (SIMB) and South African Society for Microbiologists (SASM).


There are barriers associated with the use of advanced biofuels such as immature technology, availability of reliable feedstock data, policy instruments among others in many African countries. The present study aimed towards providing reliable feedstock generation data from 21 major crops produced in South Africa (SA). By mining existing data on crop production and area harvested in literature, a technique called residue to product ratio (RPR) was used to generate data on the available feedstock for bioenergy production. Results showed that there is huge amount of available crop biomass (estimated at 13 Mt) in South Africa which can be tapped to produce biofuels. Cropped biomass such as grains, oilseeds and deciduous fruits are estimated to produce biofuels equivalent to 1350 Petajoules (PJ) of electricity while bioenergy from cropped waste in metropolitan areas (landfills) is estimated at 9000 Gigawatts electricity equivalent. The bulk of cropped biomass are estimated to contribute to a realization of the renewable energy target in South Africa (SA) by 2050. This study will assist government policy makers, waste managers, researchers as well as potential investors to make informed decision on biofuel generation in South Africa.


Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Samuel Chukwujindu Nwokolo  photo

Samuel Chukwujindu Nwokolo

University of Calabar, Nigeria

Title: Global model for estimating optimum tilt angle using latitude as the only predictor


Samuel Chukwujindu Nwokolo is currently pursuing post graduate in the Department of Physics/Geophysics/Engineering Physics at the University of Calabar, Nigeria. He is an expertise in energy management and conversions, renewable energy sustainability, applied energy and solar conversion systems. He is a passionate researcher dedicated in publishing sacrificial international research and review papers with special focus in Nigeria and developing countries. His affection for research work has enable him to publish over 30 international research and review papers in reputable journals with 7 papers appearing in Elsevier journals, in the area of energy, renewable energy, and genetics and breeding in the field of agriculture from 2015 to 2019. He has appeared among 100 recognized Elsevier Nigerian authors in 2017 Scopus evaluation and two papers in reputable Elsevier renewable and Sustainable energy reviews journal between 2017 and 2019, and one in Elsevier renewable energy journal in 2019. He has been serving as an editorial board member of repute.


Forecasting solar radiation in most realistic or practical solar energy study can be realized optimally on the ground of unperturbed atmosphere. However, hour angle at sunrise and sunset for an inclined surface facing South and North for the Northern and Southern Hemisphere respectively influences the actual amount of total solar radiation received by solar collectors such as photovoltaic (PV) modules. As a result, the researcher developed several theoretical models for evaluating optimum tilt angle for low and high latitude locations employing latitude and trigonometrical functions in several locations and metropolitan towns in Africa. This was actualized on the basis that the maximum total radiation received by inclined solar PV module at a particular hour angle of sunrise and sunset is almost about the hour angle at sunrise and sunset for horizontally installed solar PV module for low latitude locations close to the equator. From this established solar energy truth, the hour angle at the sunrise and sunset for an inclined surface was equated to the hour angle at sunrise and sunset for horizontally installed solar PV module; which brought the established models in this study. Whereas, high latitude locations models were obtained through generated boundary conditions from low latitude parameters. In order to establish a specific worldwide model incorporating low and high locations without using boundary conditions, the researcher considered the observed optimum tilt angles values evaluated from the theoretical models as the target values for the development of empirical linear model using latitude as the only predictor for estimating optimum tilt angles across selected locations around the globe. Thereafter, Liu and Jordan empirical model for evaluating optimum tilt angle together with experimental values obtained from literature were applied so as to validate the reliability and performance of the newly developed linear model by using global solar radiation, diffuse solar radiation, and direct normal irradiation data obtained from NASA database for the selected locations across the globe. From the error analysis, the relative root mean square error obtained, yielded below 20%, which is good for designing solar systems. Therefore, the newly developed linear model could be highly recommended for estimating optimum tilt angle in any location of the earth.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Nevenka R. Elezovic photo

Nevenka R. Elezovic

Research University of Belgrade, Serbia

Title: Carbon free supported noble metal nanostructures for green energy production


Nevenka R. Elezovic completed her PhD in 2005, from University of Belgrade. She is currently Research Professor at the Institute for Multidisciplinary Research. Since 2013 she is served as representative of Serbia and member of the European  board in European Academy of Surface Technology- She has published more than 40 papers in reputed  journals of eminent Publishers such as Elsevier, Royal Society of Chemistry, The Electrochemical Society. She has been servin g as a reviewer for: Energy and Environmental Science, Applied Materials and Interfaces, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Electrochimica Acta, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, RSC Advances, PCCP, Chemical Communications, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.


Statement of the Problem: The contemporary industrial processes, as well as transportation vehicles power are based on fossil fuels usage. Intensive fossil fuel application leads to the growing environment pollution, causing the "greenhouse effect". During the 20th century the CO2 concentration increased about 20%, being the main reason for average temperature increase on Earth. This fact has already caused undesirable climate changes, connected to animal and plants biodiversity disorder. United Nations has recognized environment pollution effects and global actions to prevent it have already been taken. From Stockholm conference held in 1972 and Kyoto in 1997, United Nations announced several declarations to stabilize gas emission and decrease greenhouse effect. European Union has established main targets until 2020, in the frame of Climate and Energy Package, to increase alternative power sources usage and save environment. Thus, the further development of water electrolysis and fuel cells  catalysts  (the subject of this work), as environmental friendly, green technologies are extremely desirable, to contribute to the environment protection and sustainable development. Hydrogen – high efficiency and environmental friendly fuel, produced by water electrolysis is used in low temperature fuel cells, while oxidative agent is oxygen from air. In this work novel nanostructured materials with noble metal nanoparticles (Pt and Pd) deposited onto carbon free- titanium-oxide based supports have been investigated as the catalysts for fuel cells, promising alternative power sources. Several ceramic supports were prepared – non-stoichiometric oxides -Ebonex, Nb or Ru doped titanium oxide nanoparticles, as well as titanium oxide nanotubes supports. Physical- chemical and electrochemical characterization of these novel materials confirmed higher efficiency and long term stability to decrease  the costs and increase life time of fuel cells acceptable for commercial application.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Muhammad Usman photo

Muhammad Usman

Director General of Agricultural Research System, Pakistan

Title: Major sources of green energy and recycling is the important tool for the reduction of global poverty and hunger in the developing countries of the world


Mr. Muhammad Usman, Former Director General of Agricultural Research System, Government of Pakistan who retired from service after a spotless career of about 35 years with senior level experience on research and development of integrated agricultural production, industries green energy and bioenergy on a sustainable way. He is basically an agricultural scientist with specialization of agricultural, food and biochemistry working on the yield and quality of various products and published several research papers.He is consider as the senior most scientist in the world, always participated in the international conferences as a keynote speech, renowned speaker, organizing committee member as well as moderator of the conferences around the world. He established “Prominent Agro Based Industries, Agro Based Industries and Consultancy SDN BHD” in Malaysia and “Foundation for Rural Development in Pakistan”, with primarily aims to work on integrated agricultural project for Rural Development through improvement in agriculture and consultancy services to the formers at Malaysia.


The aims of presentation consist of green energy, recycling, global poverty and hunger were study in order to find out the most cheapest and economical sources of green energy and recycling for poverty alleviation in South Asia like Pakistan. Green energy is also called renewable energy or sustainable energy, comes from natural sources like wind, water, sunlight, rains, tides, plants, algae and geothermal heat. South Asia comprises the countries of Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, and Sri-Lanka. South Asia is about one fifth of the world’s population, which is considered as the most densely populated region in the world. As per study, the resources in South Asia are limited and the population increases from time to time. The second problem in South Asia is the concentration of non-renewable energy, which are very costly although a great potential of green energy like biomass, biofuels, hydropower, solar, landfill gas, wind and geothermal are available in difference countries of the world like South Asia. Similarly Recycling is the process of breaking down and re-using materials that would otherwise be thrown away as trash. Many communities and businesses make it easy to recycle by placing labeled containers in the open for public use, or providing bins for home and business owners who have curbside pickup. It was concluded from the study that green energy and recycling should be commercialized to reduced energy crises, increase income, employment, create more jobs, stranger economy as well as to reduce poverty in South Asia like Pakistan.

Keynote Session: